SOUTH KOREA – As reported by the Korea Times: “Pali, pali, hurry and rush comprise a dominant sentiment in Korean society, and this is one of the reasons 4.1 percent of the adult population is addicted to gambling. Two Seoul psychiatrists have pinned gambling on a nationwide urge to get rich quick and have begun to treat gambling addiction as an illness.
“Psychiatrist Shin Young-chul at the Kangbuk Samsung Hospital compares gambling addiction to a disease suffered, not just a bad habit endured.
“…Shin runs a gambling clinic on Saturdays from his office in the psychiatry department of the hospital. He started the clinic when he returned in 2000 from the University of Minnesota studying under Kim Won-suck, a leading figure in gambling addiction research. Shin has treated more than 300 gambling addicts and sees between 60 and 70 patients a year. His clinic is the only one of its kind in the country.
“Shin and Lee Hyung-si, a psychiatrist from the Korea Institute of Social Psychiatry, attribute gambling addiction to the nation’s economic climate and a temperament they say characterizes many Koreans.
“…A 1999 study of 700 adults found that 9.3 percent were addicted to horseracing. Other gambling pleasures here include bicycle racing, boat racing, Lotto, illegal game rooms and card games like baccarat, go-stop and poker. Since the only legal casino for Koreans, Kangwon Land, opened in 2000 in Chungsungun, Kangwon Province, the number of gambling addicts has steadily risen…”
STATE LOTTERY TICKETS MOST POPULAR FORM OF GAMBLING
PRINCETON, NJ — Half of all Americans say they have bought a state lottery ticket in the past year, making this the most popular of 11 forms of gambling in a recent Gallup Poll. Ticket buyers spend an average of about $19 monthly, but many apparently do not view this activity as gambling. Men are more likely than women to buy lottery tickets, but women who purchase tickets tend to spend more than men do each month on this pursuit. Participation is close to 50% among all income groups, though lower income people tend to spend more each month on the tickets.
The survey, conducted Dec. 11-14, 2003, found 49% of Americans saying they had bought a state lottery ticket in the past 12 months, somewhat lower than the percentage measured in the 1990s.
Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following things in the past 12 months. First, how about (bought a state lottery ticket)?
Men are somewhat more likely to have purchased tickets than are women (by 56% to 43%), but women who participate tend to spend more than men do each month on this activity ($23 vs. $15, respectively).
Percentage who bought state lottery ticket in past 12 months
Average amount spent monthly (among those who bought tickets in past 12 months)
The most troublesome findings in the survey concern the lottery ticket-buying habits of low-income people. Just under half, 45%, have bought a ticket in the past year, slightly lower than in the other income groups. But low-income people who buy tickets spend an average of $46 a month, more than twice the average of other participants.
Younger people are a little less likely to buy Judi Online lottery tickets than are older people, and those who do spend far less per month ($5) than older people spend.
There are some major regional differences, with people in the Midwest most likely to buy tickets (58%) and Southerners least likely (44%). Midwesterners who buy tickets also spend the most ($27 per month), followed by people in the East ($21) and the South and West ($13 each).
Lottery Tickets May Not Be Seen as Gambling
In the survey, respondents were asked whether they had participated in a variety of activities in the past year, including buying state lottery tickets. Then they were asked if they had ever participated in any form of legal gambling. Forty-six percent said they had done the latter, smaller than the 49% of people who said they had bought a state lottery ticket.
More telling, however, is the percentage of lottery ticket buyers who deny ever having participated in legal gambling — 45% say they have not, while just 54% say they have. Among low-income ticket buyers, just 38% say they have ever gambled legally.
It is most likely that when lottery participants say they have not participated in legal gambling, they are treating lottery tickets as though they are not a form of gambling, rather than believing they are a form of illegal gambling.
Results are based on telephone interviews with 1,011 national adults, aged 18 and older, conducted Dec. 11-14, 2003. For results based on the total sample of national adults, one can say with 95% confidence that the margin of sampling error is ±3 percentage points.
For results based on the sample of 493 adults who have bought a state lottery ticket in the past 12 months, the maximum margin of sampling error is ±5 percentage points.
In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.